n African Renaissance - Boko Haram insurgency and the challenges of securing Nigerian state

Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


Nigeria, it seems, has given birth to a new danger and it is called Boko Haram. Rare have been the months over the past three years that have not witnessed at least one attack carried out by the group. Since the climax of the battle of Maiduguri in early August 2009, it has steadily escalated its armed campaign to the extent that it now threatens the lives and peace of mind of millions of people living throughout northern and central Nigeria. So rapid and dramatic has its growth been and so audacious and well-executed some of its attacks, that it is now looked upon as a global threat. However, its potency is its implication for governance and security in Nigeria. This paper takes a historical and theoretical look at the spate of insurgencies in Nigeria as prelude to the emergence of Boko Haram. It then highlights the various impacts of the group's activities on the Nigerian state, stating the various crimes being committed in all areas of operation. It then identifies the reasons accounting for the seeming helplessness of the Nigerian government in combating the murderous sect. Specifically, the paper argues that the Boko Haram insurgency presents a frontal attack on the Nigerian state, particularly in the onerous task of securing it. The paper then concludes with suggestions on workable option for combating what has turned out a menace.

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