n African Renaissance - Miguel De Unamuno and the political rhetoric of counterterrorism : a paradigmatic lesson for Africa

Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


The phenomenon of terrorism has taken a dimension in our globalized world that betrays a force that has come to stay. Terrorism in whatever dimension poses threats and insecurities to human existence. To this end, defenseless nation-states live in perpetual fears and anxieties and strong and 'secured' nations-states quake. The growth and the evolution of terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda, Liberation Tiger of Tamil Eelam, Taliban, Hezbollah, Hamas, ISIS, Bodu Bala Sena, Boko Haram, Al-Shabaab among others have defined the foreign policies of many countries. Thus, domestic terrorism has transformed into globalized terror, defiling the borders of sovereign states. Some nation-states earlier thought that the viable strategy to avoiding terrorist activities is by standing aloof the countries experiencing them. This is possibly woven around Miguel De Unamuno's existentialist philosophy. While employing secondary source of data, this paper discusses Miguel De Unamuno's analysis of human nature in giving justification for political rhetoric of counterterrorism by the so-called 'secured' nation-states. This theory promotes a form of enclosed nationalism. The insufficiency of enclosed nationalism gives room to the need to embrace wider scope of counterterrorist measures against this cancerous 21st century phenomenon. On the basis of this, the paper concludes and recommends that due to the nature of terrorism as a contagious cancer, nation-states, regional and global organizations should once again embrace the idea of cooperationism and collectivism as against isolationism and absolutism in responding to the phenomenon of terrorism wherever and whenever it arises. There should be a formation of Global Alliance against Terrorism [GAATE]. More so, the paper recommends, for the African continent, self-reliance, citizenship (peoples') hegemony, vibrant political activitism and uncompromising civil society as necessary paradigms in effective counterterrorism.

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