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n African Renaissance - What makes terrorism special in Africa?

Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305

Abstract

This article looks at what makes terrorism special in Africa, especially given that it is a global phenomenon which transcends geographical boundaries. Specifically, the objective is to look at how Africa is affected differently by terrorist activities citing several factors which make the African continent peculiar. To achieve this objective, I scanned the literature with the view to identify and enumerate the characteristic features of the African continent and established how each of them creates fertile ground for terrorism to thrive. In order to locate the study to the broader context I premised it on the Frustration-Aggression theory which holds that when people are frustrated they act in an abnormal manner and sometimes direct their anger to innocent victims. The findings of the study show that Africa is more vulnerable to terrorism due to a confluence of factors. Some are endogenous while others are exogenous. Among these factors are: porous borders, ethnic and religious differences, lack of financial resources which force countries to rely on Western countries, multiplicity of political parties and many others. Based on these findings, the article recommends inter alia: strengthening borders, reducing the number of political parties as well as electing political leaders based on their credentials and not ethnic or religious affiliation.

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/content/aa_afren/12/1/EJC172822
2015-01-01
2019-11-18

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