n African Renaissance - The rage of insurgency : why Boko Haram may remain untamed

Volume 12 Number 2
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


Nigeria is experiencing one of the worst periods in its history given the Boko Haram insurgency, which grew very rapidly in sophistication and lethality over the six-year period between2009 and 2015. With about 16,000 deaths and two million people internally displaced or refugees, the massive suffering has generated increasing concerns about state and international responses to Boko Haram. Many hold the view,based on the Nigerian government's actions, that the terrorist group has thrived due to the lack of a strong political will. It is argued that the government has not provided enough space for international collaboration to address the insurgency -hence the lack of international intervention. In light of that,this paper analyses the many factors that have enabled and elongated the Boko Haram insurgency such as : the failure to address the root causes of violence in northern Nigeria; thepoliticisation, regionalisation and ethnicisation of the crisis;corruption in the war on the insurgency; and international politics and uncooperative international powers. We argue that unless these issues are meaningfully addressed, Nigeria and the West and Central African sub-regions may not see the end of the Boko Haram insurgency in the short and medium terms.

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