n African Renaissance - Thirty years of ECOWAS and regional integration experiment in West Africa - (1975 - 2005) : a retrospective look and suggestions for the future

Volume 2, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


Since the end of the Second World War in 1945, there has been a near unanimous recognition of the interconnection between politics and economics in world affairs - at least with regard to safeguarding international peace and security. Western European countries that had suffered the most from the War thus emphasised the need to create welfare states. Developing strong economies became the guiding principle of all the post-war European leaders. Although they started much earlier, the postwar reconstruction period in Western Europe can truly be said to have been the pioneering period of much of what we have today in development and economic theories. The end of European colonial empires particularly in Africa and Asia, and the urgent need of the newly independent states for viable development projects, added to this push for the study of development theories. Within these development theories, "regionalism" and "regional integration" were clearly one of the most courted approaches. Both the old and relatively developed countries of Europe and the newly independent states of Africa, Asia and Latin America were equal in this drive - albeit at variant degrees and for diverse motives.

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