n African Renaissance - African Union and health care challenges in Africa : strategies and initiatives on health care delivery

Volume 3, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


During the 70s, two major events occurred: the Declaration of Health for All (HFA) by the WHO Health Assembly in 1977 and the adoption in Alma-Ata in 1978 of the primary health care approach as the strategy by which the ultimate objective of HFA would be attained. Health For All became a popular slogan for many years to follow and it was recognized that stronger health systems must be based on Primary Health Care (PHC) principles, which today is still regarded as the best approach to sustainable access to prevention, treatment and care. As part of the global movement, African countries developed health-for-all strategies and incorporated them within their national health development plans with a view to addressing some urgent needs such as the development of human resources for health; promotion of environmental health; control of communicable diseases and strengthening of health systems. As a result, health system infrastructures were strengthened, in line with the primary health care approach and various attempts were made to integrate clinical medicine into public health, and, at the same time, health within other sectors.

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