n African Renaissance - Viable political system for Somalia : current progress and challenges

Volume 3, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


After a joint effort by armed militia from the countryside supplemented by popular uprising in and around the Somali capital, Mogadishu, Somalia's once powerful military regime collapsed in 1991. The opposition against the regime has been mounting for decades in the country's interior. Nonetheless, the various factions that ousted the regime failed to overcome their internal disagreements on sharing power and they embarked on the most costly tragic civil war Somalia ever experienced.

The concept of state and its relationship to a society is relevant for many developing countries, including Somalia. The dominant understanding for statehood today is the western state form. It is described as a state with various institutions that are engaged in collective authority and decision making. The presumption is a central authority that monopolises power. In order for the state to be viable, legitimacy should be sought from the governed. The more legitimacy a state can garner from the society, the more stable and consistent the state becomes. Although state-society relationship is relevant for Somalia, it is more precise to talk about a central political system that brings groups together.

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