n African Renaissance - Discourses and counter-discourses in Akachi Ezeigbo's : - : Nigeria

Volume 3, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


For about thirty months, the Nigerian Civil War of 1967-1970 instituted elaborate, raging national and international discourses usually associated with and intrinsic to war. While some of the discourses were supportive of and naturally privileged either the secessionist Biafran or Federal sides, some of them were subversive and undermined the belligerent groups. As the hostilities on the warfront endured, politics and ideology, diplomacy and propaganda constituted an unconventional warfare and an alternative discourse all in the prosecution of the war effort. Consistent with these discourse strategies was the fabrication of differing and contending epistemes negotiating the war. Despite the indistinct and blurred boundaries that exist between fact (reality) and fiction (falsehood), some of the epistemes were factual while others were fictional. This paper is a metacritical inquiry into the textual universe of Akachi Ezeigbo's Fact and Fiction in the Literature of the Nigerian Civil War deploying deconstructive perspectives. Benefiting from Baktinian and Foucauldian theoretical models, the paper argues that the text orchestrates discourses and counter-discourses in its attempt to navigate the monumental historical moment of the Nigerian Civil War. While critically acclaiming Ezeigbo's perspective, the paper submits that the text is an idealised version of the war. It identifies visible crevices and gaps in the monolith of the textual world which ultimately compromise its integrity and self-deconstructs its cardinal assumptions and claims.

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