n African Renaissance - Summoning Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah

Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


On the eve of the 50th Anniversary of the independence of Ghana a ministerial meeting convened at the Commission of the African Union in November 2006, to discuss the establishment of a United States of Africa - a single government for the entire continent. Deja vu! The tone of the debate mirrored the debate that took place in Accra, in 1965. What was regrettably clear was the fact that there was no institutional memory. Had such a memory continued to exist such a meeting would never have convened. Most shocking, however, was the fact that none of the Commissioners, Ministers present and their Ambassadors had any clue about the 1965 Accra Summit debate over the issue of Union Government for Africa. The ministerial meeting gave truth to two African sayings: The first, "those who do not remember the mistakes of the past are bound to repeat them in the future." The second: "if you do not know where you came from you cannot know where you are going."

The 50th Anniversary of the independence of Ghana is an historic milestone that requires reflection not only on the part of Ghanaians but all of Africa. Nkrumha's political thoughts are still with us and the more we study them the more informed we become about Kwame Nkrumah as an extraordinary and committed standard bearer of the Pan African ideal.
This paper focuses on the Accra Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) of 1965, the general debate over the proposals tabled by host-President, Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah and Mwalimu Julius Neyrere's take on that otherwise forgotten historic Summit of African Heads of State and Government. This summit convened two years after the OAU was established and as Mwalimu Nyerere recalled it was not well remembered.

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