n African Renaissance - Beyond the transition : the agenda of reconstruction and governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


The DRC is slowly emerging from a dreadful period of mismanagement, political instability, and conflict. After about eighty years of colonial rule, several secessionist conflicts in the post-independence period, and a long period of corruption and mismanagement under President Mobutu Sese Seko, the DRC entered the 1990s in a state of quasi-collapse. That decade was marked by successive episodes of increasing violence : looting by the armed forces in 1991 and again in 1993, a first conflict in 1997 (with the involvement of seven foreign countries and a number of militias), and a second conflict between 1998 and 2003 during which a reported 3.5 million people died, and many more were displaced. However this period of trouble did not stop but slowed down with the peace agreement signed in South Africa in 2002. This peace agreement opened up the transitional political process that ended up with the presidential, legislative and provincial elections in 2006.

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