n African Renaissance - Leadership versus comradeship in Africa's quest for security council transformation

Volume 5, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


In 1992, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution that called for a review of the Security Council (UNSC) composition. The UNGA acknowledged quantum changes in global politics, among them the significant increase in its own membership and the "increasingly crucial role of the Security Council in maintaining international peace and security". Luck notes that the Council's enhanced post-Cold War profile - and by implication its potential to intrude into the affairs of states - had become such that "[q]uestions of equity, representation, transparency and accountability were being raised ... [and questions as to] how, why, and by whom [the Council's] decisions were being made". This official admission that the very exclusive, very powerful executive core of the United Nations (UN) needed transformation, set off a multilateral frenzy. In particular, the potential permanent accession of more states to Council membership raised expectations and sparked feverish competition within the UN community. 16 Years later, the debate is no closer to resolution : on the contrary, it has become moribund; collapsed in despondency and exhaustion. Adebajo has gone as far as declaring the debate "dead".

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