n African Renaissance - African presidents - of despots and democrats continuity and change in leadership

Volume 5, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


At the end of 2007, Kenya's anticipated change in government ended in disaster. Raila Odinga's opposition Orange Democratic Movement won a clear victory in that country's parliamentary election, but curiously, the result was reversed in the presidential election, whose official results declared President Mwai Kibaki the winner. Whereas Kibaki, as presidential successor to Daniel Arap Moi, was once considered an alternative to despotic rule, he was now widely viewed as cynically and ruthlessly clinging to power, and in doing so, he thrust Kenya into turmoil. This is a dramatic setback, in a country which had a long record of relative stability and peace. The resulting opposition demonstrations, ethnic violence and strong response by the police, led to the known deaths of at least a thousand people and the physical displacement of many more.

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