n African Renaissance - An empirical / logical model for testing the success and effectiveness of Mbeki's mediation in Zimbabwe

Volume 5 Number 3-4
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


On 15 September 2008, the main protagonists in Zimbabwe's protracted crisis signed a historic power-sharing agreement that is expected to put an end to that crisis, or at least mark the beginning of a new phase to the political problems in which that country has been embroiled since the dawn of the new Millennium. Brokered by then South African President Thabo Mbeki, the agreement provides for the formation of a government of national unity in which the main protagonists share executive powers. However, throughout his mediation, and even after the signing of this historic agreement, many criticisms were levied against Mbeki from local, regional and overseas actors. After a critical analysis of his mediation approach and outcomes and the criticisms levied against him, using an empirical/logical model, based on the three logics of actions borrowed from social psychology, this paper concludes that Mbeki's mediation approach was/is the right approach and that it has born some fruits, incomplete as they might seem to some.

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