n African Renaissance - In pursuit of peace or justice : the dilemma of symptoms and cure in the Niger-Delta Conflict, 1990-2008

Volume 6 Number 3-4
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


After almost twenty years of persistent guerilla-like conflict in the oil-rich Niger-Delta, there is neither an official figure quantifying the casualties recorded so far in the conflict nor an official pronouncement detailing a blueprint consisting of practical remedies to the conflict. This conflict with adverse repercussions on the Nigerian state and the world at large has engendered a strong desire for justice within the region but the state prefers to lay emphasis on peace requirements for development to take root. "While successive Nigerian governments have strategized diversely in response to the malaise, there is manifest reluctance to deal with the issue of justice that has been central to the conflict in the region. Accordingly, there is a seeming fixation or obsession with peace rather than a focused transitional justice strategy that will tackle the core issue of justice in the region. The impact now weighs heavily on all the stakeholders.

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