n Journal of African Union Studies - Pan-Africanism and the politicization of the International Criminal Court

Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2050-4292
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4306


The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and implemented the most serious crimes of international concern including genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The Rome Statute which entered into force on 1 July 2002 is explicit on the role of the Court in exercising a criminal jurisdiction over perpetrators of these crimes. In terms of the cases that the ICC is currently engaged in, such as Sudan and Kenya, the issue of prosecuting alleged perpetrators is problematic. It is evident in practice that the individuals who have been subject to the jurisdiction of the Court are also key interlocutors in ongoing peace processes with all the complexities that this entails. Therefore, the article will argue that since the ICC has become implicated in peace, reconciliation and political processes, it also has the potential to disrupt such initiatives if its interventions are not appropriately sequenced.

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