n Journal of African Union Studies - Women's leadership role in post-conflict peace-building process

Volume 3, Issue 2_3
  • ISSN : 2050-4292
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4306


The traditional social construction of gender roles leaves women under the subordination of men. This division of gender roles resulted in the hegemonic masculinity of war. For a long time, military armed forces have been male-dominated institutions due to war's symbolic link to the norms of manhood (Cohn, 2013). Women are repeatedly portrayed as vulnerable victims of war that need to be protected by men. This obscures women's agency and the fact that women should be involved in the definition of protection and be part of the solution in the reinforcement of protection mechanisms as well as in the fight against impunity (Noma, Aker, & Freeman, 2012). Men have, therefore, dominated the role of peace negotiation, peacekeeping, peacemaking, and decision-making processes.

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