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n Journal of African Union Studies - Understanding the executive-military relations in Zimbabwe : beyond Mugabe's redistributive nationalist rhetoric

Volume 3, Issue 2_3
  • ISSN : 2050-4292
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4306

Abstract

The incestuous relationship between the political elite and the military in Zimbabwe has been subject to robust scholarly debate in the still thin but emerging civil-military relations corpus (Rupiya, 2005; Ndlovu-Gatsheni, 2006; Bratton and Masunungure, 2011; Tendi, 2013). This fledgling literature is over-fraught with analyses which indicate that the military in Zimbabwe is a politicised institution which participates directly and unabashedly in politics. But this is against the backdrop of the ruling party-the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front's (ZANU PF) Marxist-Leninist ideological rubric that proscribes military forays into civilian affairs (Perlmutter and LeoGrande, 1982). And yet, President Mugabe and his associates in ZANU PF consider the military institution as an integral and equal partner in defence of the hard won independence, national interest, sovereignty and territorial integrity. Viewed from this perspective, the military has controversially become the domestic anchor class for President Mugabe's rule and a bulwark against threats to his monopoly to political power. The military also considers itself a pivotal vanguard of the state and the countervailing force against the Euro-North American epistemic subversion. This contribution, therefore, contends that for all intents and purposes, Zimbabwe is a neo-praetorian state in which the military elite rules along with the political elite as a diarchy.

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/content/aa_afrus/3/2_3/EJC165625
2014-01-01
2019-11-16

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