n Journal of African Union Studies - Peace and security in Africa : past, present and future

Volume 4, Issue 2-3
  • ISSN : 2050-4292
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4306


Although there is enormous literature on peace and security in Africa there are inadequate studies on the challenges and progress made towards promotion of sustainable peace and security in Africa. This article is a comparative analysis of the old security paradigm and the emerging security architecture of the African Union (AU). It argues that the Organization of African Unity (OAU), for most part of its existence, could not effectively deal with security problems on the continent because of strict adherence to the idea of absolute sovereignty and state-centric security policy. In contrast, the article demonstrates that AU's move towards 'responsible sovereignty', integration of state and human security and institutionalized collective security framework has helped stabilized the continent and enhanced its development prospects. Despite this progress the article shows that the AU faces some challenges in its conflict prevention and resolution management processes and offers some thoughts on how to address them.

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