n African Journal of Business and Economic Research - Trade openness and economic performance of ECOWAS members - reflections from Ghana And Nigeria

Volume 2, Issue 2_3
  • ISSN : 1750-4554
  • E-ISSN: 1750-4562


Trade openness is believed to stimulate economic growth due to its influence in integrating world economies and generating better markets. The study examined the impact of trade openness on economic performance of ECOWAS Members focusing on Ghana and Nigeria (1975-2004). Data sourced from IFS and others, were analyzed employing ADF / PP stationarity, cointegration and vector error correction techniques. A unique long-run relationship between economic performance, trade openness, real government expenditure, labour force and real capital stock for both Ghana and Nigeria was established, while about 88.9% and 83.1% errors made in the previous period were found to be corrected in the current period for the respective countries. In addition, trade openness and real government expenditure impact positively the economies of Ghana and Nigeria. However, the effects were higher in the former than the latter.

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