n African Journal of Business and Economic Research - Personal characteristics as predictors of expatriate managers cross-cultural adjustment in Nigeria

Volume 5, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1750-4554
  • E-ISSN: 1750-4562


Several researchers have extensively studied cross-cultural adjustment of expatriates and the reasons why many expatriates return home early due to dissatisfaction with their jobs or because they cannot adjust to a foreign culture. However, very little studies have investigated the influences of personal characteristics on expatriates' adjustments in general, and their adjustment in Nigeria in particular. Rather, most of the studies have focused on cross-cultural training to facilitate adjustment. Much of the literature seems to have overlooked possible effects of basic personal circumstances of expatriates. This study examines the relationship between the basic personal characteristics of expatriates and their extent of adjustment in Nigeria. The findings of this study reveal that several personal variables such as age, gender, children, and spouses' adjustment were significant predictors of the expatriates' socio-cultural and psychological adjustment.

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