n African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development - Innovation in Africa - toward a realistic vision

Volume 1, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2042-1338
  • E-ISSN: 2042-1346
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Less than forty years after Rosenstein Rodan's (1943) seminal article that started the era of 'classical development economics' Hirschman (1981) gave an address where he recognised that the era had come to a close. Hirschman pointed out that he and his colleagues had overestimated the power of their ideas to overcome underdevelopment and specifically he referred to a lack of respect for the emotions and culture of those who were expected to realise the ideas.

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