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n African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development - Education, convergence and carbon dioxide growth per capita : research paper

Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2042-1338
  • E-ISSN: 2042-1346
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Abstract

This paper examines the existence of convergence and the importance of education on carbon dioxide growth per capita, over the period 1970-2004 for 85 countries. We use panel data and apply GMM-System estimation. This rigorous approach takes into account the observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries, and solves the endogeneity problems associated with some variables. Our results suggest a divergence in per capita carbon dioxide emissions around the world, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide emissions growth. Contrary to commonly held beliefs based on intuition, we provide evidence that, in developing countries, there is no convergence, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide growth. In developed countries, we find a convergence for per capita carbon dioxide emissions. Education was found to be a factor in pollution growth, although its effect is mitigated by the presence of political institutions.

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/content/aa_ajstid/3/1/EJC10574
2011-01-01
2019-08-24

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