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n African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development - Can we build a new indicator of development for the African countries?

Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2042-1338
  • E-ISSN: 2042-1346
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Abstract

We focus on the Human Development Index (HDI) developed by the United Nations Development Programme and attempt to show that HDI as it is used is not quite appropriate for Africa. In fact, the HDI does not include a very important dimension which is the insertion of the populations in the active life. So, we propose a new indicator of development for Africa. This indicator, which we named Human Development Indicator for Africa (HDIA) was obtained by adding to the HDI the dimension of occupational integration which we measure with an indicator of insertion calculated from the widened unemployment rate. It is important to emphasize on the fact that the job market is not well organized in many African countries. The results obtained by simulations on some African countries were very decisive. Certain countries such as Lesotho and Burkina Faso saw their HDIA decreasing with regard to the HDI because of an indicator of very low insertion. This report is very relevant because it allows noticing that there are numerous efforts of insertion to be made in the country to move on the path of the development. We also found that certain countries saw rather their HDIA increasing with regard to the HDI. It helped us to see that some countries were on a good path in their struggle against poverty, but more efforts should be made in connection with the level of the HDIA.

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/content/aa_ajstid/4/1/EJC123759
2012-01-01
2019-08-26

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