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n African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development - Rural development initiatives under the military and civilian regimes in Nigeria : a comparative analysis

Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2042-1338
  • E-ISSN: 2042-1346
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Abstract

Nigeria's post-independence governance structure has been characterized by frequent military intervention beginning from January 15, 1966 when the first military coup disrupted the First Republic civilian government. Given the oscillation between the military and civilian regimes, this paper attempts a comparative review of rural development practices as a way of measuring the differences between the military and civilian governance. The review observes that rural development in Nigeria was relatively better focused during the military regime than what is obtainable under the civilian democracy. However, long years of military rule characterized by frequent regime changes made it impossible to set standard and build effective rural development institutions. Given that long years of military rule had inhibited whatever progress that would have been achieved in rural development, the paper argues that the emerging democratic regimes have not shown significant political commitment for improvement because of excessive politicization of development plans, fragmented and uncoordinated planning, poor implementation practices, a lack of continuity in policies and, corruption among several other problems. The paper observes that post-military rural development practice is not significantly different from the practice under the military especially when viewed against its narrow policy contents and focus. Given these observations, the paper argues for a much broader conceptualization of rural development beyond agricultural development and improvement of living standard to incorporate a broad range of social opportunities to improve the general capabilities of the rural areas.

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/content/aa_ajstid/4/2/EJC132167
2012-01-01
2019-12-08

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