n African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development - Facing the challenges of environmental insecurity in Nigeria

Volume 4, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 2042-1338
  • E-ISSN: 2042-1346
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The key features of Human Security are "Freedom from Fear" and "Freedom from Want", the problems of development and human security are central in the Nigerian context. Environmental security is centrally located between the threats of security from deficiency and the threats which are man-made. The impact of overpopulation is noticed in the land fragmentation, over grazing, soil erosion, desertification, deforestation, shanty terms and urban flight. Urbanization in Nigeria has caused severe environmental threats. Air, water and soil pollution has increased rapidly. Desertification has resulted in the degradation of the environmental conditions in Nigeria. Deforestation rate in Nigeria is the highest in West Africa. The Nigerian Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Act, state wise Environment Protection Boards and the implementation of schemes by the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) are the mechanism of action initiated by the Nigerian Government. International and Non Governmental Organizations (IGOs and NGOs) have contributed substantially in facing the challenges.

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