1887

n African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development - Development and characterisation of a modified multi-purpose pine oil detergent for a small-scale manufacturer in Lesotho

Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2042-1338
  • E-ISSN: 2042-1346
This article is unavailable for purchase outside of Africa

 

Abstract

The interest in small-scale manufacturing of simple products seems to be growing in Lesotho. However, this could have undesirable effects without insights into the chemical processes involved in such presumed simple processes. This manuscript reports the partnership between the National University of Lesotho and a small-scale manufacturer in the preparation and characterisation of a simple pine oil-based detergent, popularly known as Pine Gel, as a response to calls for relevant and responsive research by the higher education sector. This project reduced the input cost by about 31% on raw materials, and an overall profit margin improvement of 11% through the net production line. This was achieved through the reduction of pine oil, the most expensive component in the whole process, and its replacement with 3.5% of "Reagent X" (identity withheld for commercial purposes). The modified detergent was characterised for efficiency employing the critical micelle concentration (CMC) technique showing a CMC of 0.0683 g/cm3 - a superiority of about 29% over the commercially available parent product (CMC of 0.0953 g/cm3). The new formulation has already been commissioned to the manufacturer. These results demonstrate the importance of the much touted partnerships between academia and private sector in economic development of a country.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aa_ajstid/8/1/EJC188055
2016-01-01
2019-08-24

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error