n Journal of African Foreign Affairs - The private military and security sector and African conflicts : a case study of Sierra Leone

Volume 1, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2056-564X
  • E-ISSN: 2056-5658


The paper examines the factors that account for the involvement of the private military and security sector in African conflicts, with specific reference to Sierra Leone. While the activities of these entities have come under scrutiny, there has not been any concrete effort by African states to address the challenges associated with the consequences of such involvements. The paper argues that while weak state capacity was responsible for the involvement of the private sector in the Sierra Leonean conflicts, the centrality of the market, which is linked to profit maximization, was a major driver and incentive for the private sector. The paper argued further while the private sector has come to stay in the military and security landscape of African societies, effective mechanisms for regulation remain the potent option for African states, particularly Sierra Leone.

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