n Journal of African Foreign Affairs - Rebel movements, militia groups and the problematic of contemporary African political leadership

Volume 1, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2056-564X
  • E-ISSN: 2056-5658


Africa has recently been witnessing rising incidents of rebel and militia activities. For a continent whose disparate groups and peoples in many instances were lumped together in single political economy by imperialistic forces, the development undoubtedly poses serious challenge to the political leadership, especially where the continent reeks of acute leadership deficit. Although not exactly a new phenomena while most of the actors are driven by sheer inordinate quest for power, some of the movements have their roots in the politics of exclusion prevalent in many parts of Africa. In the Cold War era, marginalized groups have sought to throw off the yoke of hegemony through coup plot. Anathematization of military regimes in the post-Cold War period appears to have left such groups with no options. The African Union (AU) should support its intolerance of unconstitutional change of power with encouraging politics of inclusiveness among members. It should however devise formulae that will allow for peaceful separation among obviously incompatible groups as a panacea to the increasing rebel and militia activities that have brought untold human and material costs on the continent.

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