n Journal of African Foreign Affairs - From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals : conflict as key obstacle to African transformation

Volume 3, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN : 2056-564X
  • E-ISSN: 2056-5658


The African continent has remained a hotbed of conflict. Over the years, there have been different manners of crisis that breached the domestic and international peace of the states that make up the continent as well as the regions there-in. Over the years, these conflicts have affected the dynamics of the past Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This paper, which used descriptive historical methodology to present its argument, clearly shows how slavery, terrorism, political conflicts, civil wars, coups etc. weakened the foundations for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It reviewed the different goals of the contemporary SDGs and showed vividly how they are under the threat of multi-dimensional conflicts. The work concluded by recommending peace building strategies, developmental partnerships, transformative justice and strong institutions as ways to end the conflict and create solid foundation for the growth of SDGs.

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