n Journal of African Foreign Affairs - Djibouti : strategic location, an asset or a curse?

Volume 3, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN : 2056-564X
  • E-ISSN: 2056-5658


This article examines the costs and benefits of the strategic location of Djibouti. It is located in a strategic shipping lane where annually some 20 000 ships and 30 percent of world trade pass through. In addition, Djibouti is found pressed between two highly conflicted regions, notably the Horn of Africa and Gulf region, which from a security point of view, harnesses its global strategic importance. Nevertheless, this strategic location and importance that it draws is not only positive. It has also negative implication to the nation as well as the region in the long term. The article seeks to analyse the positive and negative implication to the country as well as the region induced by the sudden surge of strategic significance of Djibouti. It concludes, besides the economic and security benefits Djibouti gains, in the long term, the militarisation may bring dire political, social, security, stability, democratisation consequences to the region. The data for this article were collected through interviews, personal observation and secondary material.

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