n Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) - Gender and democracy in Nigeria : a critical analysis of women participation in the federal legislature

Volume 2, Issue 1_2
  • ISSN : 2050-4276
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4284


This article explores the issue of women participation in politics in Nigeria with a special focus on the National Assembly from 1999 to 2011. Adopting Marxist feminism as its theoretical framework of analysis and documentary method of data collection, our findings are that: (i) politics in Nigeria has been predominantly a male affair; the number of women in elective positions still falls far below the target of the 35% Affirmative Action Committee representation of women in elective posts by 2005 and (ii) despite the relatively insignificant number of women in Nigerian legislature, available data shows a constant increase of about 2.3% of women voted into the National Assembly at every general election since 1999. The article argues that contemporary gender inequality in political participation in Nigeria is determined ultimately by the capitalist mode of production and not by socio-cultural and biological factors as most scholars tend to argue.

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