n Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA) - Women health : female mutilation "circumcision"

Volume 2, Issue 1_2
  • ISSN : 2050-4276
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4284


Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) also known as female genital cutting or female circumcision is recognized worldwide (Eliminating female genital mutilation: an interagency statement [Eliminating], 2008). This paper reviews, defines and elucidates FGM, while discussing some health implications. Although, FGM/C is outlawed and forbidden in most countries the law is not strictly enforced. FGM/C has gained a lot of enquiry from organizations, legislators and activists. It was initially challenged as a shortfall but has gained a lot of recognition on women's health and empowerment as well as international human rights. (Shell-Duncan & Hernlund, 2000). An ongoing process carried out by governments, national and international organizations has been ongoing so as to eradicating FGM. This has resulted in a reduction in the prevalence of FGM/C in some areas (Eliminating, 2008).

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