n Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict and Social Transformation - A critical analysis of African youth inequalities : strategic context of structural transformation

Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2078-760X
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4950


The problem of inequalities amongst youths in Africa requires structural transformation of the lifelong guidance policies in the labour demand and supply that continues to undermine youths' contribution in society. The post-2015 MDGs agenda is again failing to recognise the problems of youths' inequality in Africa. One of the critical analyses of inadequacies arising from inequality facing unemployed youths in Africa misses out the contextual analysis of structural transformation, economically. African governments and developed economies have realised the inadequacies. Strategic priorities of analysing youths' (un)employment in Africa should understand social division, not necessarily to be confused with social inequalities. Discussions about youths' inequalities include social policy of the social class analysis, including bureaucrats and policy makers. Youths are differentiated in forms of professional and managerial, intermediate middle-class, skilled non-manual, semi-skilled and unskilled occupations. In this paper, the politics of social policy is discussed on the basis that it offers more realistic and democratic processes. The pluralists, elites, economic determinism and institutionalism models are used to offer critical analysis of the structural causes and consequences of inequality amongst youths in Africa. The balance in the private and public sector is considered to understand social justice, empowerment and guaranteeing youths employment in the labour market. The paper finds that modelling structural transformation with socio-economic address to youths' inequalities empowers youths, promotes rights and influences government policies to rethink social inequalities.

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