n Ubuntu : Journal of Conflict and Social Transformation - Out-grower sugarcane production post fast track land reform programme in Zimbabwe

Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2078-760X
  • E-ISSN: 2050-4950


This paper analyses the impacts of integrating global south agricultural producers into the global markets through a case study of sugar outgrowers in Zimbabwe. The paper observes that the changed agrarian structure following the Fast Track Land Reform in Zimbabwe has reconfigured the agricultural finance system as private commercial banks are now using plantation estates as conduits to provide loans to sugar outgrowers. Contractual arrangements between sugar outgrowers and plantation estates are mainly for production and marketing. The paper also finds agrarian relations to be iniquitous and exploitative largely in favor of plantation estates. Indeed, though constrained, capital formation has been an ongoing process among outgrowers and we argue that it is dependent in nature because of its reliance on credit provided by the plantation estate. Incomes derived from sugar production have mainly been channeled towards the purchase of agricultural inputs as well as the payment of milling charges. The study is premised on two sugar estates in Chiredzi, owned by a South African based transnational company. Primary data was collected using questionnaires on 50 outgrowers who are working with Tongaat Hulett, as well as through-in-depth interviews with key informants. The methodology involved thorough verification exercises which included respondent re-visits before being entered into CS-Pro for further cleaning then exported to SPSS for analysis.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error