n African Journal of Rhetoric - Language of terror - perspectives from the Global South

Volume 1, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1998-2054


There are many different kinds of sub-national conflicts across the global south with a variety of causes. Since becoming two separate independent countries in 1947, India and Pakistan have had several military conflicts over the disputed territory of Kashmir. Despite the mediation efforts by the United Nations, the Kashmir issue has remained unresolved. In the pre-September 11 period, Indian-Pakistani relations went through two stages. Following events in Cargil in 1999, foreign policy tools in both countries were used in a negative way. The Agra Summit however brought some hope of opening channels of interaction between the two countries. However, the September 11 attacks against the US and the consequent US declaration of war against the Taliban movement and Al-Qaida group have directly affected Indian-Pakistani relations primarily because of the lifting of sanctions on both countries. Both countries have since amended their internal and foreign policies as well as changed the way they use foreign-policy tools.

This paper examines how two Indian and Pakistani Newspapers reported the July 11, 2006 bombing of rush-hour commuter trains in the Western State of Mumbai with the aim of determining whether the coverage is characterized by accurate, detailed, balanced, restrained and responsible reporting which could promote peace, or contains hawkish, inflammatory, shrill and potentially provocative language capable of exacerbating tension. It would also review the role of the media in the coverage of conflicts.

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