n African Journal of Rhetoric - An analysis of Bishop Dumeni's four funeral speeches in the pre-independence era in Namibia

Volume 7 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1998-2054


The liberation war in Namibia was fought using both the bullet and the word. It is the purpose of this paper to analyse how Bishop Kleopas Dumeni, one of the eminent religious leaders in Namibia, seized opportunities to use speeches for political purpose in a country that was ravaged by war. The conclusion that this paper makes is that Bishop Dumeni used these occasions to expose the crimes of the colonial regime, thereby soliciting sympathy from his immediate audience to support him in the struggle for peace and freedom in Namibia. On the whole, this paper contributes to the study of political language employed by political-cum-religious leaders to appeal to the emotions (pathos) of the oppressed and to challenge the abuse of power by those in government.

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