1887

n Acta Academica - Exceptional uses of the negative לֺא

Supplement 3
  • ISSN : 0587-2405

Abstract

In this research the distribution and scope of the negative לֺא preceding finite verbs, non-verbal categories and the non-finite verbs are investigated within the framework of Minimalist Syntax, the most recent theory within Chomskyan generative syntax.

The distribution of the negative לֺא preceding all the above-mentioned lexical categories was discussed, with the ultimate goal of determining the exact scope of the negative לֺא preceding these categories.

The scope of the negative לֺא was divided into two types of negation, namely sentence-negation and constituent-negation. Sentence-negation implies that the negative לֺא has scope over the whole subsequent phrase that follows it. Constituent-negation implies that the negative לֺא is subcategorised for a specific lexical category, hence, having scope only over this category.

Cases of the negative לֺא preceding the finite verbs, in other words the perfect and imperfect verbs, as well as the command forms, were considered as cases exhibiting sentence-negation. The conclusion was drawn that the negative לֺא preceding these categories has scope over the subsequent finite verb and all categories forming part of the clause.


The negative לֺא preceding the non-verbal categories, in other words common nouns, proper names, adjectives, adverbs, and so forth, exhibits constituentnegation. This implies that the negative לֺא has scope only over the category which it takes as complement, be it a common noun, adjective, or any other nonverbal category.

The non-finite verbs, in other words the participles and the infinitives (construct and absolute) were discussed, indicating that the negative לֺא preceding these categories exhibits both sentence- and constituent-negation. It was proposed that the negative לֺא preceding the participle functioning as verb is an example of sentence-negation, whereas the negative לֺא preceding the participle functioning as a noun or adjective is an example of constituent-negation.

The final chapter concluded with a discussion on several exceptional constructions of the negative לֺא . In several of these constructions no clear-cut answer was provided regarding the use of the negative לֺא in such cases. However, several problematic cases that could justify further research were highlighted.

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/content/academ/2004/sup-3/EJC119044
2004-01-01
2019-08-18

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