n Acta Academica - Analogical grounding of figurative language : narrative and metaphor and the rhetoric of inquiry

Volume 43, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0587-2405


Storytelling requires clear qualification of context if it is to provide solid knowledge. Combining storytelling or narrative with scientific discourse is to some extent incongruous. Stories and narratives thrive on the concrete and often particular experiences of human beings whereas theorising is characterised by abstraction aimed at identifying the laws underlying the regularities observed in reality. Although stories often deal with the individual and particular, the knowledge contained in them refers to classes of phenomena, not to unique individuals. The secret to understanding the prevalence of metaphor in narrative and storytelling is located in the fact that metaphor discloses par excellence the ontic and ontological classifications in reality. It lies at the root of descriptive classification, meaning change and meaning transfer and is grounded in the analogies revealed by the metaphor.

Die narratiewe benadering wat tans in talle wetenskappe opgang maak, vereis 'n deeglike kwalifikasie van konteks indien die kennis wat daarin ter sprake is as betroubare kennis gereken moet word. Die kombinasie van storievertelling en wetenskaplike teorieë is tot op sekere hoogte inkongruent omdat wetenskaplike teorieë per definisie werk met abstrakte en universele kennis terwyl stories handel oor die partikuliere en individuele gebeure of verskynsels. Metafoor en analogie speel in beide voorwetenskaplike storievertelling en wetenskaplike betoog 'n belangrike rol. Dit berus of appelleer op die grondliggende klassifikasie en kategorisering van die werklikheid wat juis in die proses van artikulasie van die klassifikasies en kategorieë openbaar gemaak word. In hierdie proses speel analogieë 'n belangrike rol.

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