n Conflict Trends - The presidency

Volume 2001, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Zambia became an independent republic on 24 October 1964, and immediately adopted a presidential form of constitutional rule. Kenneth Kaunda became the first person to hold the post of president, and on 13 December 1972, he signed into law a constitution which provided for a single party form of rule, thus prohibiting opposition parties from campaigning for office against his United National Independence Party (UNIP). In 1991, after serving for 26 years as head of state and government, President Kaunda was defeated in a multi-party election. Fredrick Chiluba, former trade unionist and member of the newly formed Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), succeeded him.

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