n Conflict Trends - Reconstruction of a collapsed state

Volume 2001, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Extracted from text ... BY y the time the president of Somalia, Siad Barre, was finally defeated and driven out of the country in 1991, more than 300,000 Somalis had been killed, 800,000 turned into refugees, 1,170,000 internally displaced and 4.5 million threatened with starvation. By the year 2000, nearly one million of Somali's estimated pop- ulation of nine million had been killed in the civil war. Most of the Somali refugees are hosted within the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) region, with Ethiopia and Kenya being the largest recipients of refugees. In 1994, 1996 and 1998, IGAD member countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, and Uganda) accommo- dated more than 500,000, 520,000 and 450,000 Somali refugees, respectively. Even though the state ..

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