n Conflict Trends - Building capacity for African peacekeeping

Volume 2002, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


The United Nations (UN) secretary-general, Kofi Annan, expressed concern for African security in his November 1995 report entitled 'Improving Preparedness for Conflict Prevention and Peacekeeping in Africa'. In it, he suggested Africa 'should seriously endeavour to develop and enhance its capacity to participate in the field of peacekeeping'. The report was released in the wake of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, when little international response to the crisis was received. Added to this, African governments and armies were besieged with challenges due to a lack of experienced personnel, insufficient material resources and a slow deployment of troops. Consequently, Annan appealed to the international community to help enhance the capacity of African peacekeepers. According to the report, 'the most important element of any peacekeeping operation on the ground is trained and adequately equipped personnel'.

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