n Conflict Trends - Inter-Southern Sudanese dialogue and its impact on the implementation process of the Machakos Consensus

Volume 2002 Number 4
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Consensus among observers is that, should the warring parties in Sudan agree on a settlement - whether through the Inter-Government Authority for Development (IGAD) process or any other forum - the type of relationship between the Southern Sudanese military and political forces during the interim period, will determine the direction of the implementation process. From the onset, one should point out that the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) consists of a loose coalition that was forged in January and October 2002. The coalition is made up of Dr. John Garang de Mabior's SPLM, and Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon's Sudan People's Democratic Front (SPDF). It should also be mentioned that approximately two million lives were lost during Sudan's 50-year civil war, and more than two million people were uprooted from their homes. This situation demands a thorough re-evaluation by all conflicting parties - whether through unity or secession - on how a lasting peace can be achieved.

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