n Conflict Trends - Nation-building, state-building and power configuration in Zimbabwe

Volume 2006, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Zimbabwe is a sovereign state presently under stress. But Zimbabwe, like many African countries, is not yet a nation-state. This is often a source of intra-state (and sometimes inter-state) conflicts and tensions. Many countries inherited states without nations. Nation-building, like state-building, is a work of art and many African leaders have proved to be good state-building artists but poor nation-builders. In countries with a kaleidoscope of cultural, ethnic, racial, religious and other salient social identities, nation-building is a big challenge. This paper asserts that in such cases, a bipolar power structure is inherently unstable and breeds perpetual conflict.

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