n Conflict Trends - The Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement and stability in the DRC

Volume 2007, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


In August 1998, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) progressed into an armed conflict, referred to as 'Congo's second war' or 'the first African war'. The war erupted when Laurent Kabila made the decision to separate from his Ugandan - but more especially, Rwandan - allies who had helped him to topple the Mobutu regime in the previous year. After almost a year of fighting and balkanisation of the country, as well as many failed attempts geared towards ending the armed violence, the parties finally adhered to the Southern African Development Community (SADC)-sponsored Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, which would later become instrumental in the resolution of the DRC conflict.

This article critically analyses the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, which was signed in July 1999 and adopted as central in the resolution of the DRC conflict. The article is divided into three main parts: the first part traces a brief background to the DRC conflict, the second part describes and analyses the agreement, and the third part presents the agreement's shortcomings and successes.

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