n Conflict Trends - Peace in Côte d'Ivoire : an analysis of the Ouagadougou Peace Accord

Volume 2007, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Following a conflict resolution process that began in Accra, belligerents in the Ivoirian conflict decided to resolve their differences through direct dialogue. This brought to an end a mediation process that witnessed a synergy between the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN) in conflict resolution. On 4 March 2007, the armed resistance militia in the north and government signed the Ouagadougou political accord as a framework for addressing the key issues in the conflict. Many observers perceive the accord as a victory for insurgency grounded in the logic of war. In contrast, the Ivoirian political opposition and a section of the public seem to believe that the accord is the result of a secret arrangement between President Laurent Gbagbo and rebel leader, Guillaume Soro, aimed at covertly sharing the national wealth between them. Furthermore, they view the accord as an attempt by the president to create a political ally in Soro, as the former prepares for his self-succession. This scepticism and pessimism has gained currency as a result of three unanswered questions : firstly, why have the armed resistance militia and government, who have been arch rivals to the point of refusing to recognise each other, suddenly become bedfellows? Secondly, why was the political opposition not involved in the negotiation process? Thirdly, why has there been swift implementation of some elements of the peace deal?

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