n Conflict Trends - Peace agreements in Angola and implications for governance

Volume 2007, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


This article examines how three of Angola's peace agreements responded to the country's civil conflict, and also explores implications arising from the peace process itself for the contemporary governance agenda. The 2002 Luena Memorandum of Understanding, signed following the death of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) leader, Jonas Savimbi, was the third in a line of earlier failed agreements. The negotiation of the 1991 Bicesse Accords and the 1994 Lusaka Protocol, and to a lesser extent the Luena Memorandum, involved the consolidation of political and economic processes that undermined the promotion of accountable governance, with significant implications for the development of democracy and citizenship in the country. This is because the peace processes themselves legitimated elite corrupt practices and resisted the inclusion of civil society and religious actors, who could have constructed more inclusive democratic governance structures.

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