n Conflict Trends - Sudan Fact-File

Volume 2007, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


Since gaining independence in 1956, Sudan has been in a near-constant state of civil war, save for a 10-year period between 1972 and 1983. Whilst the conflict between northern and southern Sudan has dominated Sudan's 50-odd years of independence, the emergence of conflicts in Darfur and eastern Sudan in recent years have served to underline the history of internal conflict, which has characterised the country since decolonisation. The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 brought to an end the north-south conflict (Africa's longest-running civil war), and the signing of the Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) in 2006 brought a measure of stability to Sudan's eastern regions. The conflict in Darfur, however, continues unabated.

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