n Conflict Trends - Reintegration of female war-affected and ex-combatants in Liberia

Volume 2008, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


With the exception of two years, from 1997 to 1999, Liberia was in a constant state of conflict from 1989 until the signing of the Accra Comprehensive peace Agreement (CPA) in August 2003. Poor governance was the underlying and immediate cause of Liberia's civil war. In a nation with a population of approximately three million people, the protracted war claimed 250 000 lives and displaced over one million people, including hundreds of thousands who fled the country as refugees. It is difficult to exaggerate the devastation that this war had on Liberia's physical, social, political, economic and governance infrastructures. Liberia was the classic 'failed state' in every respect. All national institutions were destroyed, or so neglected that they were completely non-functional. The central and local governments were virtually non-existent and unable to provide essential military or police security, a fundamental justice system, or even basic services like water, electricity, road maintenance, and so on.

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