1887

n Conflict Trends - Resolving land disputes in Burundi

Volume 2009, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1561-9818

Abstract

Burundi is a small landlocked country in central Africa with a population of approximately eight million people. In the 1890s, the independent kingdom became a German protectorate until the First World War, when it came under Belgian authority. In 1962, Burundi gained its independence, but the constitutional monarchy was abolished four years later with the arrival of the republican system. Since the country's independence, it has experienced multiple conflicts between both ethnic groups and political factions. In summary, half a million people died during the crises of 1965, 1972, 1988, 1991 and 1993. The greatest number of deaths - approximately 300 000 - was a result of the crisis that followed the assassination of the first democratically elected president, Melchior Ndadaye, in 1993.

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/content/accordc/2009/1/EJC16041
2009-01-01
2019-11-22

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