n Conflict Trends - Sustainable peace processes : addressing the status of refugees and internally displaced persons

Volume 2010, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1561-9818


After the end of the Cold War, a multitude of factors plunged many African countries into conflict, with the resultant forced displacement of millions of civilians - the majority of whom never crossed an international border. Important causes of forced displacement include the breakdown of state structures that had been sustained by Cold War dynamics, increasing poverty, population pressure, competition for access to land and scarce natural resources, and the disintegration of traditional conflict resolution mechanisms. In many cases, these processes have exacerbated local grievances and contributed to an increasing number of disgruntled and marginalised people, receptive to politically instigated violence along ethnic lines.

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